Abbreviation BMW (BMW) stands for Bayerische Motoren Werke (Bavarian Motor Works). It motors, specifically aircraft engines, BMW worked since its inception. The official date of birth of the BMW is July 20, 1917 - when the company was registered "Bayerische Motoren Werke", but it formed the basis for plants operated from the late 19th century, as well producing aircraft engines. BMW's Founding Fathers are Karl Rapp and Gustav Otto, who owned small enterprises that produces aircraft engines, and to exploit the success decided to unite into one large firm. Even in those years there was a current BMW emblem (known to all the circle divided into 4 sectors - white and blue emblem symbolized the airplane propeller against the sky) as a symbol of the company's product.
After the end of World War II aircraft engines has been suspended, BMW was on the verge of bankruptcy, but was able to shift to production of engines for motorcycles. Bayerische Motoren Werke quickly mastered the production of a boxer engine, and in 1923 released their first motorcycle. R32 bike weighed 120 pounds and had a top speed of over 90 km / h! Due to its reliability, comfort, power and simplicity of this service BMW motorcycle has become very popular, although it was different then the high cost (R32 was significantly more expensive than comparable competitor models BMW). BMW motorcycle division was called BMW Motorrad (motorcycle Bavarian Motor Works).
Before the Second World War, BMW has developed at a rapid pace in 1928, began production of cars, manufactured aircraft engines (which are even delivered in the USSR), BMW motorcycles set world records for speed, motorcyclists they have won international competitions. Since 1929, BMW is able to boast of having produced the fastest motorcycles in the world, their speed exceeds 200 km/h, and in 1937 was an amazing set a speed record that was broken only after 14 years (!) - Rider Ernst Henne was able to develop a motorcycle BMW speed of nearly 280 km/h.
And in the years up to the present time, motorcycles BMW has an excellent speed performance, racing motorcycles have won many competitions. To strengthen its position in the market of sports off-road and motocross motorcycles BMW in 2007 bought the company Husqvarna (Husqvarna) - the oldest European manufacturer of motorcycles. Top models sporting BMW motorcycles are now among the ten most powerful and fastest in the world.